These giraffes are unique because they
can be white and black. Giraffes, which are native to Africa, are the world’s tallest terrestrial mammals. The coat of these enormous creatures is often dark with white or cream spots. However, some extremely rare giraffes have entirely white or black coats. These are the world’s most rare leucistic and melanistic giraffes.
It is a regressive gene that affects skin pigmentation in both cases. While albinism is caused by a lack of skin pigmentation, melanism is caused by the skin’s dark pigmentation. Melanism, the polar opposite of albinism, can be found in a wide range of animal species, including leopards, tigers, foxes, and even giraffes.
Although some species are more susceptible than others to develop melanism (for example, the jaguar), this unusual trait has a significant impact on their social life. These animals are frequently shunned by their groups due to their unusual appearance. Their lifespan is incredibly short because, due to their lack of natural camouflage, they are always a target for predators.
The white giraffe, which is likewise incredibly rare (there are only two known white giraffes in the world), has peculiar pigmentation due to a genetic issue. It’s leucism this time. This disorder is extremely similar to albinism, but unlike albinism, which affects the eyes and other regions of the body, leucism solely causes pigmentation loss.